«Forward. Sensitivities, Emotions, and Relations» (p. 15-21)
«Emoreason: At the Heart of the Dilemma between Theories of Action and a Relational Approach» (p. 23-41)
Theories of action often refer to the thesis of a procedural or bounded rationality, thesis that they have integrated, to reject any blame put on their modelization, in particular to protect themselves against the objection of not being able to take into consideration human emotions. When we submit to criticism that thesis, we quickly realize that it is not in a position to be used as a shield, for the modelization remain focused on rationality and on its corollaries: consciousness, intention, strategy, freedom and interest. We indeed discover that theories of action do not have access to fundamental characteristics of human being such as dialectics of reason and emotion, of consciousness and unconscious, of freedom and determination.
Key-words: theories of action; relational approach; bounded rationality; emoreason
«The Implementation of a Relational Conception of Emotion in Behavioral Economics» (p. 43-83)
Abstract: In this article, we study how standard economics, which has gradually introduced emotions and moods in previous years, is now addressing what emotion historians have called the “affective turn”. We rely on emotion theory by putting forward a relational and extensive conception of affect. Does taking into account this relational dimension transform the rational framework characteristic of traditional economic analysis? Considering recent behavioral studies (van Winden, 2015; Bault et al. 2017), we show that the building of affective social ties can be, in certain circumstances, a practical solution to the well-known “free-rider” problem. This leads to a discussion on the specific role of emotion in the building of cooperative attitudes in a spatial and dynamic framework.
Key-words: affective turn; emotion theory; social ties; cooperation; behavioral economics
«The Love of the Unknown Child. The Socio-Cognitive Construction of Parental Affection» (p. 85-115)
Abstract: The research discussed in this paper presents an analysis of socio-cognitive mechanisms of the genesis of parental affection in the case of international and domestic adoption in France. Our goal is to demonstrate that parental affection results from the interaction between adoptive parents, who construct and interiorise their adoption project, and institutional actors who impose adoption norms and constraints throughout administrative procedures. The cognitive dimension of affection is explored through the concept of mental files borrowed from analytical philosophy. The results of the research present an analysis of the ways adoptive parents construct and interiorise the mental files of adoptees along with the ways they include the latter in the family lineage.
Key-words: construction of affection; kinning; kinship; kinship studies
«Telling the Visit at Auschwitz. Communicational Conditions of Feelings Expression» (p. 117-150)
Abstract: The expression of the feelings is a social and relational phenomenon because it is a communicational situation. It is not possible to talk about one’s intimate feelings with anyone and in any relational device. This is shown by an inquiry conducted on the school visit experience of the Memorial Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau. The respondents had not been able to talk about their intimate feelings to their family, peers or teachers. They have with each of these groups a specific impossibility to speak of their intimacy. On the contrary, the relationship established during the interview allowed its expression. The emotional turn of the humanities and social sciences must take into account this question since it engages a reflection on the relationship that is built on the ground with the respondents.
Key-words: Auschwitz; communication; dark tourism; experience; painful memory; semiotisation; holocaust; sociological interview transmission
Ali Romdhani and Véronique Van Tilbeurgh
«Emotions in Collective Action. Movements against Wind Farms and Livestock Buildings in Brittany (France)» (p. 151-201)
Abstract: Emotional approaches in social sciences are very diverse, but still few integrate emotions to explain the social components of action. This article intends to question the dynamics of collective action by integrating the emotional aspect of social life into a relational perspective. Based on the work of Pierre Livet (2001) and Louis Quéré (2012), emotion is considered to be what binds people to a situation. This relationship is examined in the «emotional work», that is to say the revision of our expectations in an uncertain situation that actors operate to engage in action. The purpose of this article is to show the relationship between the characteristics of emotions felt and the forms of collective mobilizations. This article will be based on the analysis of land-use conflicts around nine extension projects of livestock buildings and wind farms. The dynamics of the conflict will be restored in time across the different emotional situations that the protagonists go through.
Key-Words: emotional work; conflict; wind farm; animal farming; trust; collective action; mobilization
Christian Le Bart
«Political Representation as Emotional Link» (p. 203-227)
Abstract: The objective of this contribution is to examine the democratic link which unites represented citizens and elected representatives from an emotion perspective. We shall focus on a historic approach to study the French case. According to a first model, the feelings are strictly supervised at the top of the State. This model did not obviously disappear, but it has been challenged for a few years by a model based on the expression of emotions. The ruler is not only the one who perceives the feelings of the crowd and knows how to translate them into public actions; he is the one who feels them with inten¬sity. He is moved as everyone by collective dramas and he is delighted during the collective joy.
Key-words: political life; political personalities; mediatization; President of The Republic; feelings; anger; tears; informalization
«What Does Relational Aesthetics Work on? A Transitional Approach to the Relational Paradigm in Human and Social Sciences Based on Lygia Clark and Marina Abramović Artworks» (p. 229-267)
Abstract: Nicolas Bourriaud has provided recent developments in arts with a theory of relational aesthetics, which is not based on forms, but on “proximity” – the arts operating within the sphere of intersubjectivity. This paper, which presents the works of two female artists, Lygia Clark and Marina Abramović, aims at completing not only Bourriaud’s corpus but as well the typology he has initiated with the care, which “figure” the paper places at the principle of the phenomena and judgments Bourriaud’s aesthetics describes. Grounded in the theories of transitional psychoanalysis, the paper further discusses the issue of relational aesthetics, and shows how it works and what this work achieves, objectifying not only its intersubjective characteristic, but the work of hapticity (sense and emotion), and the narcissistic identity that is worked out. Then it proposes a definition of the paradigm of relational aesthetics, in order to critically engage qualitative developments of human and social sciences, and notably of geography, and to reflect the spatial turn.
Key-words: relational aesthetics; relational art; geography; transitional psychoanalysis; intersubjectivity; emotion; empathy; self-identity; spatial turn