Corsican Identity: A Recursive Relation Between Identities and Territories (L’identité corse: une relation récursive entre identités et territoires vécus) (p. 9–67)
Through field observation, data collection, scientific literature and novels, the author draws an image of Corsican identity. How do Corsican perceive the island? What is an island? How does the island affect the lives of its people? What relations are established among islanders and with non-islanders? The answers to these questions illustrate the complexity of the island as a system and the diversity of elements which define Corsican identity, the latter being at the same time opened and closed to others. This complex definition is seen in the relations established between individuals, between individuals and the territories, and between cultural identifications (Corsican, French, Italian and Mediterranean).
Keywords: Corsian identity, Corsica, Territory, identity.
Globalization: For a Dual Comprehension of Homogenity and Differentiation (La mondialisation : vers une compréhension duelle de l’homogénéisation et de la différenciation) (p. 69–100)
This paper puts forth a contradiction between two theses: the first stating that societies are in the process of becoming homogeneous, the second that societies are engaged in a heterogeneity process. The author relies on the model of the circulation of goods, ideas and individuals (Laflamme, 2000) to compare two regions: the city of Greater Sudbury in Northern Ontario, Canada, and the city of Toulouse in Southwestern France, at two given times: 1960 and 2000. The comparison allows for the observation of globalization and the relevance of both theses. The results illustrate that extreme positioning does not take in consideration the complexity of societies, thus denying the existence of contradicting phenomena.
Keywords: Globalization, homogenization, differentiation.
Analysis of Intent in Communication (Analyse du rôle de l’intention dans les échanges dyadiques) (p. 101–141)
The individual, as a relational being, is constantly communicating. Pursuant to the theories of action, a social actor is rational and has intent. This rationality, conscience, interest and intent form a set of concepts which underline theories of action and claim that any communication is intentional. If that was so, any message communicated by an individual would be intentional. Results illustrate that the information exchanged between communicating actors condition what is been said, thus reducing the probability of an intentional discourse.
Keywords: Intention, dyadic exchanges.