Volume 15, Number 2, 2020

Monique Dalud-Vincent

«Analyzing and Comparing Social Mobility Tables Using a Relational Approach: Continuity and Fault Lines between Occupational Categories» (p. 11-53)

Abstract: This work aims to compare tables of social mobility by age, sex, social origin, date of survey (according to FQP surveys of INSEE 2003 and 2014/2015) by using 31 occupational groups and tools of Graph Theory. We propose to investigate if it is possible to deduce a hierarchy between the groups starting from the significant flows. We show that there is a strong continuity between the categories and that a center(s) / periphery(ies) type structure emerges, in particular in 2014/2015 when the interviewee is compared to his parent of same sex as her.

Key-words: Graphs, Occupational Categories, Social Mobility, Stratification.

Samuel Lamoureux

«Politicizing the Economy: How the Theory of Capital as Power Can Rethink the Media coverage of the Bank of Canada» (p. 55-82)

Abstract:  According to the capital as power theory, the Bank of Canada is not independent, but a political institution that is largely part of financial capitalism mode of power. The Quebec business and finance journalists interviewed in this study, however, cover the central bank as a more independent institution than politicians and consider its communication as science. This situation is reinforced by the omnipresence of neoclassical economists in the public space, by the lack of availability of academic critical sources, but also by the constraints of productivity. Therefore, business journalists reinforce the hegemony of neoclassical discourse in the public space, and thus legitimize the institutional order of financial capitalism.

Key-words: Business Journalism, Finance Journalism, Capital as Power, Bank of Canada, Institutional Economics, Financial Capitalism.

Laurie St-Pierre et Catherine Laurier

«Suicidal Fragility of Young Offenders. Phenomenological Interpretative Analysis of Custody Experience» (p. 83-137)

Abstract: In the province of Quebec, about 430 young people a year are sentenced to custody in a rehabilitation center under the Youth Criminal Justice Act. Although it is a measure for young offender and societal safety, the custody is described as a risk factor for suicide. Unfortunately, the reasons that make custody a difficult experience for young offenders remain unexplored. This research uses a qualitative method and takes place in a phenomenological approach. The objective is to explore the personal representations of young offenders, their reported experiences, perceptions and emotions about time spent in rehabilitation centers. We give a voice to ten young offenders, using semi-structured interviews. The results of the interpretative phenomenological analysis suggest that majority of participants have a negative experience in rehabilitation center, reporting having experienced difficult emotions. It is mostly living with educators, living with other young people, having to abide by strict rules and being cut off from the world that creates distress among young people. The implications for research and intervention are discussed.

Key-words: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, Suicide, Youth, Offenders, Rehabilitation Center.

Roger Gervais

«Media: A Reflection of the Relationship between Social Homogeneity and Heterogeneity» (p. 137-177)

Abstract: Language describes a certain part of our reality. Words can help construct certain elements of our existence in society. Our paper presents the relationship between social homogeneity and heterogeneity by studying words disseminated by written media. Our sample, comprised of 11,020 articles from weekly and daily newspapers in Canada and in France, allows us to observe how two cultures can share similarities while at the same time maintain their individuality. Our paper challenges the assumption that homogenization and differentiation are two contradicting social tendencies.

Key-words: Homogeneity, Heterogeneity, Differentiation, Relation, Media, Complexity, Culture.

Book Reviews

Ines Bouguerra

Le projet fait les acteurs. Urbanisme, complexité, incertitude. Denis Martouzet (dir.), tome 1, Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, coll. « Villes et Territoires », 2018.

Juliana Barnard

Diversity, Justice, and Community. The Canadian Context.  Beverly-Jean M. Daniel (dir.), Toronto, Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2016.

Emanuel Guay

Approaches to Ethnography: Analysis and Representation in Participant Observation.  Colin Jerolmack et Shamus Khan (dir.), New York, Oxford University Press, 2018.

Leonardo G. Rodríguez Zoya

Filosofía de la complejidad.  Annamaria Anselmo et Giuseppe Gembillo, Buenos Aires, Comunidad Editora Latinoamericana, 2019.

Denis Martouzet

Le bug humain. Pourquoi notre cerveau nous pousse à détruire la planète et comment l’empêcher. Sébastien Bohler, Paris, Robert Laffont, 2019.